Artistic freedom
  • 24 results
    • Culture
    • Artistic freedom
    Share

    The dismantling of the cultural sector

    Delay on project analysis, budget cuts, appointments that don’t take into account technical qualification and institutional harassment have marked the cultural sector under Bolsonaro Administration

    Curated by Paloma Casanovas Published on 19/09/2021
    • Culture
    • Artistic freedom
    • Curated by Paloma Casanovas
    • Published on 19/09/2021

    One of the main targets of Bolsonaro Administration is the cultural sector. Besides curtailing artistic freedom, the federal government has undertaken efforts to erode public cultural policies. Their first decision was to dissolve the Ministry of Culture, which became a department within the Ministry of Tourism. This process has taken place through the appointment of unqualified people to leadership positions, moral harassment against civil servants, negligence of cultural structures, delay on analysis and disapproval of rendering of accounts of projects which seek or received grants from laws promoting culture.

    The federal government’s main enemy within the cultural sphere was the Culture Incentive Act (also known as Rouanet Act) as well as the artists who benefitted from it. President Bolsonaro already showed some doubt over the act since his electoral campaign days. In April 2019, shortly after passing a bill which greatly reduced investments allowed per project, Bolsonaro called the act a ‘disgrace’ used to finance left-wing governments. The special secretary of culture Mário Frias claimed that the ‘federal government had no obligation to support grown-ups,’ in reference to the money granted by the Rouanet Law. The president has also criticized the acclaimed singers Caetano Veloso and Daniela Mercury, saying that ‘there are people going crazy without the Rounet Act’ and that ‘playtime is over […], whoever wants to play around will have to do so with their own money.’

    In the last two years, Bolsonaro administration has passed a bill delimiting the maximum limit of proposals to be analyzed every month under Rouanet Act. Additionally, it did not authorize projects previously approved in partnership with the private sector and did not renew the request for projects from the National Committee of Culture Incentive, which is in charge of analyzing and approving them. Instead, all decisions were concentrated in the hands of the Culture Funding and Incentive National Secretary André Porciúncula, who is also a former policeman. In 2021, the delay to publish projects doubled when compared to the previous year as a product of all those efforts to restrict the Rouanet Act application, which worries professionals in the cultural sector.

    The institutional harassment against civil servants and the appointment of unqualified personnel to positions of power is another recent trait of the cultural dismantling. In 2021, Culture department members compiled a report classifying civil servants as ‘leftists’ who should be dismissed. Secretary of Culture Mário Frias was also accused of flagrantly carrying a weapon inside the building. In 2018, Tourism minister Osmar Terra had already dismissed 19 National Arts Foundation (‘Funarte’) civil servants in order to rebuild the team and put people who were ‘loyal to the government’ there. He backtracked from the decision later on. The federal government has also appointed unqualified workers – according to an executive order approved by the president himself – to the National Institute of Historic and Artistic Heritage (‘Iphan’), department of Culture, Funarte and the Audiovisual Technical Center (‘CTAv’).

    To find out more about episodes of conflict between the federal government and the cultural sector, see the timeline below:

     
    Type of power
    Formal power
    Branch
    Executive
    Power Level
    State

    GOVERNOR OF THE STATE OF RIO DE JANEIRO CENSORS THEATER PLAY WITH NUDITY SCENE

    Theme(s)
    Artistic freedom, Culture
    Authoritarian Inventory measures
    Attacks on pluralism and minorities
    State
    Rio de Janeiro

    Read more about it here [1] [2].

    Jan 13 2019
     
    Type of power
    Informal power
    Branch
    Executive
    Power Level
    Federal

    BOLSONARO CRITICIZES CARNIVAL SONG AND SUGGESTS LESS FUNDING TO ARTISTS

    Theme(s)
    Artistic freedom, Culture
    Authoritarian Inventory measures
    Construction of enemies

    Read more about it here – in Portuguese [find out here]. Watch the videoclip from the song criticized by Bolsonaro, ‘Proibido Carnaval’ (Forbidden Carnival) [1]. Read an interview by Caetano Veloso about Brazil, on the following year [2]

    Mar 05 2019
     
    Type of power
    Informal power
    Branch
    Executive
    Power Level
    Federal

    BOLSONARO VETOES BRAZILIAN BANK ADVERTISING CAMPAIGN THAT INCLUDED RACIAL AND SEXUAL DIVERSITY

    Theme(s)
    Artistic freedom, Culture, Gender and sexual orientation, Race and ethnicity
    Authoritarian Inventory measures
    Attacks on pluralism and minorities

    Read more about this episode here [1] [2] and about the government’s interference in communication, setbacks for LGBT+ community in 2019 and structural racism – in Portuguese [3] [4] [5]

    Apr 14 2019
     
    Type of power
    Formal power
    Branch
    Executive
    Power Level
    Federal

    CONCERT IN WHICH REMARKS AGAINST POLICE BRUTALITY AND ATTACKS AGAINST INDIGENOUS PEOPLE ARE MADE IS INTERRUPED BY THE MILITARY POLICE, WHO REMOVES THE AUDIENCE FROM THE CONCERT AREA

    Theme(s)
    Artistic freedom, Culture, Political positioning, Public security
    Authoritarian Inventory measures
    Attacks on pluralism and minorities

    Read more about the increase in of violence against indigenous people in the Bolsonaro government here [1], about the erosion of freedom here [2] [3] and about this episode – in Portuguese [find out here]

    Jul 27 2019
     
    Type of power
    Formal power
    Branch
    Executive
    Power Level
    Federal

    PUBLIC CULTURAL CENTER CANCELS CHILDREN’S THEATER PRODUCTION THAT PORTRAYED REPRESSION AND DICTATORSHIP

    Theme(s)
    Artistic freedom, Culture, Dictatorship and memory
    Authoritarian Inventory measures
    Construction of enemies

    Read more about this episode here – in Portuguese [find out here]. Read more about art and cultural censorship during the Bolsonaro administration here [1]

    Sep 07 2019
     
    Type of power
    Formal power
    Branch
    Executive
    Power Level
    State

    COURT OF JUSTICE OF THE STATE OF RIO DE JANEIRO AUTHORIZES THE CAPITAL’S CITY’S MAYOR TO CENSOR BOOKS WITH LGBT THEMES

    Theme(s)
    Artistic freedom, Culture, Gender and sexual orientation
    Authoritarian Inventory measures
    Attacks on pluralism and minorities
    State
    Rio de Janeiro

    Read more about it here [1]

    Sep 07 2019
     
    Type of power
    Formal power
    Branch
    Executive
    Power Level
    Federal

    ‘MARIGHELLA’ FILM, ABOUT NOTORIOUS BRAZILIAN POLITICIAN AND GUERRILLA FIGHTER DURING MILITARY DICTATORSHIP, HAS ITS PREMIERE CANCELED AFTER NATIONAL FILM AGENCY DENIED PRODUCER’S REQUESTS

    Theme(s)
    Artistic freedom, Culture, Dictatorship and memory
    Authoritarian Inventory measures
    Construction of enemies

    Read more about it here [1] [2]. Watch the movie trailer here [3]

    Sep 12 2019
     
    Type of power
    Formal power
    Branch
    Executive
    Power Level
    Federal

    MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS REQUESTS THE REMOVAL OF BRAZILIAN MOVIE PORTRAYING FAMOUS ARTIST FROM INTERNATIONAL FILM FESTIVAL

    Theme(s)
    Artistic freedom, Culture, International relations
    Authoritarian Inventory measures
    Construction of enemies

    Read more about it here [1], about the positions from the Foreign Affairs minister here [2] and about the cuts on public funding of the Brazilian film industry here [3] [4]

    Sep 13 2019
     
    Type of power
    Formal power
    Branch
    Executive
    Power Level
    Federal

    PUBLIC CULTURAL CENTER CANCELS EVENTS AND SHOWS WITH THEMATIC RELATED TO LGBTS AND POLITICAL DEMOCRACY

    Theme(s)
    Artistic freedom, Culture, Gender and sexual orientation, Political positioning
    Authoritarian Inventory measures
    Attacks on pluralism and minorities

    Read more about censorship regarding LGBTQ+ media here [1] [find out here], more about the context here [2] and about this episode – in Portuguese [find out here]

    Sep 13 2019
     
    Type of power
    Informal power
    Branch
    Executive
    Power Level
    Federal

    DIRECTOR OF NATIONAL ART FOUNDATION (‘Funarte’) SAYS HE FEELS CONTEMPT FOR BRAZILIAN ACTRESS WHO CRITICIZED BOLSONARO’S GOVERNMENT; THE PRESIDENT OF Funarte, WHO THEN DEFENDS HER, IS LATER DISMISSED

    Theme(s)
    Artistic freedom, Culture, Political positioning
    Authoritarian Inventory measures
    Construction of enemies

    Read more about this episode and other actions of the Bolsonaro government related to arts and culture here [1] and read more about who is Roberto Alvim [2]

    Sep 23 2019
    Month Filters